Working with Sounds and Letter Sounds

Phonological Processing begins to develop with the abilty to link sounds with objects in the environment. Bark is linked to a dog. The ability to identify when sounds are the same or different i.e. b/d are similar but different. "Mum's voice is different to Gran's voice." This Phonological Skill becomes fine-tuned and entails linking a specific subtle sound to a particular letter shape/s. The Speed involved in this Phonological processing is also a vital component that can limit competence. The suggestion therefore is to introduce letter sounds only without the Alphabet name particularly for children at risk. This is suggested in order to limit any breakdown in efficiency in the sound/symbol match. Once the young person is reading with an established sound/symbol match including some of the diagraphs the Alphabet names can be introduced.